There are an enormous number of children Drop-out of school in Orissa today. Children are out of school for a variety of reasons – to do with physical and access One of the most complex reasons, however, which denies children there right to education is shrinking livelihoods in many parts of the country, caused by persistent drought and environment degradation, large numbers of poor rural families are forced to migrate out of their village for several months every year in search of work merely to survive. Children also accompany their parents, drop out of school, and are forced into hard labour at work sites. Slowly they too fall into this vicious annual cycle just as their parents. Seasonal migration is thus manifesting as an inter generations phenomena.

Some sector which attract migrant labour are brick making, salt manufacture, sugar cane harvesting, stone quarrying construction, fisheries, plantations and are rice mills. In their drive for profit, maximisation employers are reaching out for cheap labour in the most backward pockets of the country, especially tribal areas. Agriculture also attracts a lot of migrant labour for sowing harvest and transplantation operations. The migrant labour force is largely invisible as migration sites and is located in remote areas away form habitation and mainstream public view. Industrial migrations take place for 6-8 months every year. They start in the post monsoon months and end before the next monsoons shorter durations of 4-8 week. Several times year migrant populations are overwhelmingly form the SC ST and OBC categories. They comprise mainly the landless and land poor who have hardly any other assets, skills or education.

Most people look for a good address for that makes one somebody. An address implies belonging and at least a right to entitlements even if these were denied in practice. Slums and irregular shanty settlements are often neglected; but since their residents render some local service and are potential voters, they get provided for in howsoever limited a measure. Read More»